Artists impression of the death of Napoléon the Prince Impérial. After the abdication of his father, Napoléon III, the family went into exile in the United Kingdom. The prince died in a Zulu ambush during the Anglo-Zulu War while serving with the British army. He was ritually disembowelled by his attackers. As the only legitimate heir of Napoléon III the imperial succession passed onto his third cousin, Victor, styled as Napoléon V.